The need for a Research and Development infrastructure for wood and wood based panel industries in the country was recognized in early sixties. This was all the more necessary for a developing country, like India, with abundant natural forest resources, to pursue the chosen path for management of natural resources consistent with the overall strategy for national development. The Indian Plywood Manufacturers' Research Association (IPMRA) was formed in 1962 as a cooperative research laboratory under the umbrella of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) for undertaking applied research on PLYWOOD, an important wood based panel material.
The Institute was re-designated as Indian Plywood Industries Research Institute in 1970 and its administrative control was transferred to the Ministry of Industry in 1978. Realizing the need for trained manpower for wood based panel industries, training facilities in Mechanical Wood Industries Technology were established during 1988 with the assistance of Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)/Government of India (GOI).
As recognition to the greater role of the Institute in conservation of natural resource, the administrative control was transferred to the MoEF in 1990. As a reflection to its premier position in training for Mechanical Wood Industries Technology as a centre of excellence, the name of the Institute was changed to Indian Plywood Industries Research and Training Institute in 1992.